THE MISSISSAUGAS OF THE NEW CREDIT
- Ojibway (Anishinabe) Nation, part of the largest Aboriginal Nation in North America
- Originated from the north shore of Lake Huron, mouth of the Mississaugi River
- There is a word in the Indian language “Missisakis” meaning ‘”many river mouths”.
- The Mississaugas believed they had obtained their name from the mouths of Trent, Moira, Shannon, Napanee, Kingston, and Gananoque rivers.
- French and others referred to the people as the “Mississauga Indians”
- Early Spring, families would move close to fishing grounds and could expect stability up until late fall. Fruits and vegetables would be preserved for consumption in the winter months.
- Late fall, populations began to move inland to prepare for winter
Mid 1600s to Late 1600s
- European Contact, allied with French
- Iroquois making attempts to overtake hunting areas of the Ojibway
- Anishinabe formed an ally of the Ojibway, Odawa and Potawatomi, as the Three Fires Confederacy to force the Iroquois back to their original Homeland south of lake Ontario
- Mississaugas split into two groups; the first group travelled east, to the Bay of Quinte, the second group travelled south near the Holland and Humber Rivers.
- The southern route is know as the Toronto Carrying Place
- The southern group further split into two groups; the first group moved towards the Trent River along Lake Ontario, the second group moved west towards Toronto and Lake Erie.
- The second group are the direct ancestors of the present Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation
- The following is a map showing the movement into Southern Ontario.
- The traditional territory of the Mississaugas are located in south-western Ontario between Toronto and Lake Erie
- French built fur trade posts, credit was extended to the Mississaugas, as a result the river became know as the Credit River
- Europeans identified the Mississaugas as the Mississaugas of the Credit
- Euro-Canadian settlement became more intense, causing inland movement of the Mississaugas for harvesting purposes.
- Land surrenders to the British Colonial government and the Six Nations
- British Government gave exclusive rights to the Mississaugas for fishing and hunting.
- Became increasingly difficult for the Mississaugas to survive with Euro-Canadian settlement, causing the Mississaugas to accept an offer from the Six Nations to establish a settlement on the tract of land held by the Six Nations.
- The offer accepted possessed many qualities such as location, potential for agriculture and closeness to traditional ties, more than any other offers made to the Mississaugas.
- 1847-The relocation of the Mississaugas to the new tract of land is the origin for the First Nation being referred to as the Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation.
- Reverend Peter Jones very instrumental in the survival of the Mississaugas
- Still located on the tract of land offered and traditional territory of the Mississaugas, South-Western Ontario, one hour from U.S. Border and major Metropolitan areas.
- 6,000 acres in the townships of Oneida and Tuscarora, just off Highway # 6
- Approximately 1788 band members with nearly half of the population living off-reserve due to lack of employment opportunities, inadequate land base, and lack of available housing
- Elections system began in 1924, general elections held bi-yearly
- Community Development, new facilities; Lloyd S. King Elementary School, Social & Health Services-maamwi-gnawending (Caring Together), Ekwaamjigenang Children’s Centre, New Credit Library, Industrial Building, Industrial Park, Commercial Plaza, New Credit United Church, Administration Office, Recreation Complex
Veterans Memorial Site
LSK Art Mural